martes, 2 de junio de 2015

Estudio prospectivo, comparativo de APACHE-IV y SAPS-II y el cálculo del rango estandarizado de mortalidad en pacientes con sepsis severa y shock séptico

Estudio prospectivo, comparativo de APACHE-IV y SAPS-II y el cálculo del rango estandarizado de mortalidad en pacientes con sepsis severa y shock séptico
A Prospective Study of Comparison of APACHE-IV & SAPS-II Scoring Systems and Calculation of Standardised Mortality Rate in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients.
Dabhi AS, Khedekar SS, Mehalingam V.
J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Oct;8(10):MC09-13. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/9925.5052. Epub 2014 Oct 20
Abstract
CONTEXT: Severe sepsis and septic shock are major causes of mortality in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Illness Scoring Systems can help in the prediction of outcome of these patients. AIM: To calculate and compare APACHE-IV and SAPS-II Scoring Systems along with calculation of Standardised Mortality Rate (SMR) in patients of severe sepsis and septic shock in the ICU. STUDY DESIGN: Observational-analytical prospective study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 84 patients with severe sepsis and septic shock admitted to the Medical ICU of a tertiary care teaching hospital. RESULTS:
Mean of Predicted Mortality Rate (PMR) for APACHE-IV was 37.85% and for SAPS-II, it was 72.36% which shows that APACHE-IV had under-predicted overall mortality while SAPS-II had over-predicted overall mortality of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Standardised Mortality Rate for APACHE-IV was 1.60 and for SAPS-II, it was 0.83. CONCLUSION: Predicted Mortality of APACHE-IV and SAPS-II Scoring Systems did not correlate with the observed mortality for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.
KEYWORDS: APACHE-IV; SAPS-II; Septic shock; Severe sepsis; Standardised mortality rate
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