Respir Med. 2012 Aug;106(8):1192-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2012.05.002. Epub 2012 Jun 5.
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery has become one of the most common restrictive surgical procedures for treatment of morbid obesity worldwide. Although short-term respiratory complications are well known, long-term data is scarce. We investigated the manifestations of major pulmonary complications showed at least six months after the procedure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a tertiary university medical center in the five years period of 2006-2010. We included every patient who had had major respiratory complication who needed hospitalization, at least 6 months after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding procedure. Demographic, pre-operative and post-operative clinical data were collected. We documented respiratory symptoms, results of physical examination, pulmonary function tests, and imaging as well as therapies given and outcome. RESULTS: Out of 2100 patients who underwent LAGB, thirty subjects, mean age of 45.7 (range 29-64) with an equal number of males and females were included. Mean interval between operation and onset of respiratory symptoms was 51.5 months (range 10-150 months). All had dyspeptic complaints which included: regurgitation, fullness after meals, dysphagia and food aspiration with esophageal dilatation. Major respiratory complications included aspiration pneumonia (19) including pulmonary abscess (4) and empyema (2), exacerbation of asthma (3) and hemoptysis (1). Additionally we documented the emergence of chronic diseases such as interstitial lung disease (5) and bronchiectasis (3). One patient developed acute respiratory distress syndrome due to aspiration pneumonia and eventually died in the intensive care unit. The main mode of therapy was deflation of the gastric band. Those who refused to deflate or remove the gastric banding continued to suffer from dyspeptic and respiratory symptoms including recurrent pulmonary abscess. CONCLUSION: Although laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery has few short-term risks and is highly effective at achieving weight reduction, we found an increased risk for major respiratory complications in the long-term period. The obesity epidemic and the increased use of surgical techniques to treat obesity will most likely lead to an increase in the incidence of long-term post-operative respiratory complications. This entity is probably under-reported and needs further research into how to reduce its incidence and morbidity.
BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Sep 19;2013. pii: bcr2013201009. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-201009.
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) is considered a relatively safe and effective treatment for obesity. Even after weight loss patients with LAGB are at increased risk of pulmonary aspiration during induction of general anaesthesia, possibly due to LAGB-induced anatomical and functional changes. We present a case of aspiration in a patient with LAGB following significant weight loss and 14 h of preoperative fasting and review the literature. In the presence of LAGB we propose specific anaesthesia management at least consisting of anti-Trendelenburg positioning; avoidance of mask-ventilation; use of the local rapid sequence induction strategy with endotracheal intubation and fully awake extubation.
El reclutamiento de volumen pulmonar durante la cirugía no afecta la espirometría postoperatoria ni el riesgo de hipoxemia después de la derivación gástrica laparoscópica en pacientes con obesidad mórbida: un estudio controlado y aleatorizado.
Recruitment of lung volume during surgery neither affects the postoperative spirometry nor the risk of hypoxaemia after laparoscopic gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients: a randomized controlled study.
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative recruitment manoeuvres (RMs) combined with PEEP reverse the decrease in functional residual capacity (FRC) associated with anaesthesia and improve intraoperative oxygenation. Whether these benefits persist after operation remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that intraoperative RMs associated with PEEP improve postoperative spirometry including FRC and reduce the incidence of postoperative hypoxaemia in morbidly obese (MO) patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that when added to a protective mechanical ventilation combining low tidal volume and high PEEP, two RMs do not improve postoperative lung function including FRC, arterial oxygenation, and the incidence of obstructive apnoea in MO patients after laparoscopic upper abdominal surgery.
BMC Anesthesiol. 2014 May 5;14:31. doi: 10.1186/1471-2253-14-31. eCollection 2014.
BACKGROUND: The population of obese patients is progressively growing and bariatric operations are becoming increasingly common. Morbidly obese patients require special anesthetic care and are often considered to be difficult to ventilate and intubate. The VivaSight™ Single Lumen tube is an endotracheal tube with a camera embedded in its tip. The view from the tip appears continuously on a monitor in the anesthesiologist's vicinity. The aim of this study was to assess the VivaSight™ in comparison with conventional endotracheal tube as an aid in the intubation and surveillance of tube position during surgery of obese patients.
CONCLUSION: We found the VivaSight™ SL to be helpful in the endotracheal intubation and continuous surveillance of tube position in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.