lunes, 27 de febrero de 2017

APACHE II en cuidado crítico obstétrico / APACHE II in obstetric critical care

Febrero 27, 2017. No. 2613

Estimad@ Dr@ Víctor Valdés:  

La utilidad de la escala APACHE II en cuidados intensivos obstétricos. Revisión estructurada
The Usefulness of the APACHE II Score in Obstetric Critical Care: A Structured Review.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2016 Oct;38(10):909-918. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2016.06.013. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) mortality prediction model in pregnant and recently pregnant women receiving critical care in low-, middle-, and high-income countries during the study period (1985-2015), using a structured literature review. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Evidence-Based Medicine Reviews, searched for articles published between 1985 and 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Twenty-five studies (24 publications), of which two were prospective, were included in the analyses. Ten studies were from high-income countries (HICs), and 15 were from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Median study duration and size were six years and 124 women, respectively. DATA SYNTHESIS: ICU admission complicates 0.48% of deliveries, and pregnant and recently pregnant women account for 1.49% of ICU admissions. One quarter were admitted while pregnant, three quarters of these for an obstetric indication and for a median of three days. The median APACHE II score was 10.9, with a median APACHE II-predicted mortality of 16.6%. Observed mortality was 4.6%, and the median standardized mortality ratio was 0.36 (interquartile range 0.23 to 0.73). The standardized mortality ratio was < 0.9 in 24 of 25 studies. Women in HICs were more frequently admitted with a medical comorbidity but were less likely to die than were women in LMICs. CONCLUSION: The APACHE II score consistently overestimates mortality risks for pregnant and recently pregnant women receiving critical care, whether they reside in HICs or LMICs. There is a need for a pregnancy-specific outcome prediction model for these women.
5to curso internacional Anestesiologia cardiotoracica_ vascular_ ecocardiografia y circulaci_n extracorporea.

Curso sobre Anestesia en Trasplantes, Cirugía abdominal, Plástica, Oftalmología y Otorrinolaringología.
Committee for European Education in Anaesthesiology (CEEA) 
y el Colegio de Anestesiólogos de León A.C.
Abril 7-9, 2017, León Guanajuato, México

Informes  (477) 716 06 16,
4° Congreso Internacional de Control Total de la Vía Aérea
Asociación Mexicana de Vía  Aérea Difícil, AC
Ciudad de México 21, 22 y 23 de Abril 2017
Regional Anesthesiology and Acute Pain Medicine Meeting
April 6-8, 2017, San Francisco, California, USA
ASRA American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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