martes, 24 de marzo de 2015

Factores potenciales de riesgo para inicio del síndrome de dolor regional complejo tipo I: una revisión sistemática de la literatura

Factores potenciales de riesgo para inicio del síndrome de dolor regional complejo tipo I: una revisión sistemática de la literatura
Potential risk factors for the onset of complex regional pain syndrome type 1: a systematic literature review. Pons T, Shipton EA, Williman J, Mulder RT.
Anesthesiol Res Pract. 2015;2015:956539. doi: 10.1155/2015/956539. Epub 2015 Jan 26.
Abstract
Anaesthetists in the acute and chronic pain teams are often involved in treating Complex Regional Pain Syndromes. Current literature about the risk factors for the onset of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 (CRPS 1) remains sparse. This syndrome has a low prevalence, a highly variable presentation, and no gold standard for diagnosis. In the research setting, the pathogenesis of the syndrome continues to be elusive. There is a growing body of literature that addresses efficacy of a wide range of interventions as well as the likely mechanisms that contribute to the onset of CRPS 1. The objective for this systematic search of the literature focuses on determining the potential risk factors for the onset of CRPS 1. Eligible articles were analysed, dated 1996 to April 2014, and potential risk factors for the onset of CRPS 1 were identified from 10 prospective and 6 retrospective studies. Potential risk factors for the onset of CRPS 1 were found to include being female, particularly postmenopausal female, ankle dislocation or intra-articular fracture, immobilisation, and a report of higher than usual levels of pain in the early phases of trauma. It is not possible to draw definite conclusions as this evidence is heterogeneous and of mixed quality, relevance, and weighting strength against bias and has not been confirmed across multiple trials or in homogenous studies.
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Anestesia y Medicina del Dolor
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