lunes, 9 de mayo de 2016

Analgesia, ketamina y magnesio / Ketamine, magnesium and analgesia

Mayo 7, 2016. No. 2319



 Interacción sinérgica entre sulfato de magnesio y ketamina sobre la inhibición de nocicepción aguda en ratas
A synergistic interaction between magnesium sulphate and ketamine on the inhibition of acute nociception in rats.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015 Jul;19(13):2503-9.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Magnesium is an endogenous voltage-dependent NMDA receptor-channel blocker and ketamine is a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Magnesium may potentiate the effect of ketamine in analgesia and anaesthesia, but may also interact in an opposing manner. This study aimed at evaluating type of the interaction between magnesium sulphate and ketamine administered systemically in rats with an acute nociceptive pain (tail-immersion test). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analgesic activity was assessed by tail-immersion test in male Wistar rats (200-250 g). The distal 5 cm of the tail was immersed in a warm water bath (55 ± 0.5°C) and the time for tail-withdrawal was measured as response latency. RESULTS: Magnesium sulphate (2.5-30 mg/kg, s.c.) and ketamine (2.5-30 mg/kg, i.p.) administered alone did not produce any effect. However, significant antinociception (synergistic interaction) was revealed at the following doses of ketamine: magnesium sulphate of 5:5 mg/kg, 2.5:5 mg/kg and 10:5 mg/kg. The effect was not dose-dependent, and a greater response was obtained when ketamine was administered before magnesium sulphate. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that (1) magnesium sulphate and ketamine given alone were not effective against acute nociceptive pain in rats, but (2) a combination of both drugs resulted in synergistically inhibited nociception, (3) which occurred only at selected low doses and proportions of the medications in a combination and (4) suggested the importance of the order of drug administration.
Committee for European Education in Anaesthesiology (CEEA)
Colegio de Anestesiólogos de León AC
MÓDULO V: Sistema nervioso, fisiología, anestesia locoregional y dolor.
Reconocimientos de: CEEA, CLASA, Consejo Nacional Mexicano de Anestesiología.  
En la Ciudad de Léon, Guanajuato. México del 6 al 8 de Mayo, 2016.
Informes en el tel (477) 716 06 16 y con el Dr. Enrique Hernández kikinhedz@gmail.com 
VIII Foro Internacional de Medicina del Dolor y Paliativa 
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Junio 9-11, Ciudad de México
Dra. Argelia Lara Solares
Tel. 5513 3782  www.dolorypaliativos.org 
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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor

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