sábado, 9 de agosto de 2014

Ébola 2014

El brote de Ébola en África Occidental ha infectado ya a más de mil 711 personas, de las cuales 932 han muerto, según el último recuento realizado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Del 2 al 4 de agosto 2014, en los cuatro países afectados por la epidemia, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leona y Nigeria, hubo un total de 108 casos nuevos y 45 fallecidos. Precisamente, la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha convocado una reunión de su Comité de Emergencia para que los expertos que lo componen determinen si la actual epidemia constituye una "emergencia sanitaria de alcance internacional"


Ébola en África Occidental, 2014

El brote de la enfermedad 2014 virus Ébola en África Occidental.
The 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa.
Gatherer D.
J Gen Virol. 2014 Aug;95(Pt 8):1619-1624. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.067199-0. Epub 2014 May 2.
Abstract
On 23 March 2014, the World Health Organization issued its first communiqué on a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD), which began in December 2013 in Guinée Forestière (Forested Guinea), the eastern sector of the Republic of Guinea. Located on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, Guinea is the first country in this geographical region in which an outbreak of EVD has occurred, leaving aside the single case reported in Ivory Coast in 1994. Cases have now also been confirmed across Guinea as well as in the neighbouring Republic of Liberia. The appearance of cases in the Guinean capital, Conakry, and the transit of another case through the Liberian capital, Monrovia, presents the first large urban setting for EVD transmission. By 20 April 2014, 242 suspected cases had resulted in a total of 147 deaths in Guinea and Liberia. The causative agent has now been identified as an outlier strain of Zaire Ebola virus. The full geographical extent and degree of severity of the outbreak, its zoonotic origins and its possible spread to other continents are sure to be subjects of intensive discussion over the next months.

http://vir.sgmjournals.org/content/95/Pt_8/1619.full.pdf

Brote de Ébola en Guinea. Donde la ecología se reúne con la economía
Outbreak of ebola virus disease in Guinea: where ecology meets economy.
Bausch DG, Schwarz L.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Jul 31;8(7):e3056. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003056. eCollection 2014.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4117598/pdf/pntd.0003056.pdf


Evaluación del riesgo en el brote de Ebola en África occidental
Risk assessment of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa:
UPDATE 31 July 2014

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/339601/Ebola_risk_assessment_updated_310714.pdf




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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor
www.anestesia-dolor.org
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