viernes, 13 de marzo de 2015

sevoflurano

Parámetros hemodinámicos con isoflurano o sevoflurano en anestesia con bajos flujos durante la ventilación controlada, con mascarilla laríngea.
Hemodynamic parameters of low-flow isoflurane and low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia during controlled ventilation with laryngeal mask airway.
Negargar S, Peirovifar A, Mahmoodpoor A, Parish M, Golzari SE, Molseqi H, Negargar S.
Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Dec 4;4(5):e20326. doi: 10.5812/aapm.20326. eCollection 2014.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Nowadays laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is popular as one of the best choices for airway management. Low-flow anesthesia has some advantages like lower pollution, hemodynamic stability and cost effectiveness. Volatile anesthetics are widely used for anesthesia maintenance during operations. Sevoflurane has more hemodynamic stability compared to isoflurane, but there are few studies comparing the hemodynamic stabilities of these two anesthetics during controlled low flow anesthesia with LMA. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-flow sevoflurane and low-flow isoflurane on hemodynamic parameters of patients through LMA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients, scheduled for elective ophthalmic surgery, were randomly divided into two groups. After induction, an LMA with an appropriate size was inserted in all the patients and they were randomly allocated to two groups of low-flow sevoflurane (n = 40) and low-flow isoflurane (n = 40). Hemodynamic parameters (heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) were recorded at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes after the anesthesia induction. RESULTS: The mean heart rate values were significantly less in the sevoflurane group (P value < 0.05) at 25 minutes after the surgery. The mean Blood Pressure in the isoflurane group was significantly higher compared with the sevoflurane group in 10, 20 and 30 minutes after the surgery (P values = 0.0131, 0.0373 and 0.0028, respectively). These differences were clinically unimportant because heart rate and mean blood pressure were on normal ranges. CONCLUSIONS:
Seemingly, low-flow sevoflurane with LMA did not have any significant hemodynamic effect on clinical practice. Therefore, low-flow sevoflurane anesthesia with LMA might be considered in patients with short operations who need rapid recovery from anesthesia.
KEYWORDS: Anesthesia; Hemodynamics; Isoflurane; Laryngeal Mask Airways; Sevoflurane
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