martes, 10 de abril de 2018

Más de pancreatitis / More on pancreatitis

Abril 3, 2018. No. 3042

Evolución de pacientes ancianos después de pancreatitis biliar aguda.
Outcome of elderly patients after acute biliary pancreatitis.
Biosci Trends. 2018;12(1):54-59. doi: 10.5582/bst.2017.01303.
Abstract
The specific management and outcome of acute biliary pancreatitis in elderly patients is not well established. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of elderly compared to younger patients after acute biliary pancreatitis. Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted with acute biliary pancreatitis between January 2006 and December 2012. Elderly patients (≥ 70 years) were compared to younger patients (< 70 years) in a case-control study. Comorbidities were assessed according to the Charlson score. Clinical (Atlanta score) and radiological (Balthazar and computed tomography severity index scores) severity were analyzed, as well as clinical outcome. Among 212 patients admitted with acute biliary pancreatitis, 76 were > 70 years (35.8%). Elderly patients had a higher Charlson comorbidity index score at admission (p < 0.001). No difference was observed in terms of clinical and radiological severity of acute pancreatitis. The median hospital stay was longer in elderly (11 days, interquartile range 7-15) than in younger patients (7 days, interquartile range 5-11) (p < 0.001). No difference was observed regarding in-hospital 90-day mortality (3 vs. 1 patients, p = 0.133). Elderly patients had similar clinical and radiological severity of acute biliary pancreatitis compared to younger patients.
KEYWORDS: Pancreatitis; aged; gallstones
Nuevo predictor de pancreatitis necrosante aguda: distribución de la amplitud de distribución eritrocitaria.
New predictor of acute necrotizing pancreatitis: Red cell distribution width.
Adv Clin Exp Med. 2018 Feb;27(2):225-228. doi: 10.17219/acem/67590.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is inflammation of the pancreas of various severity ranging from mild abdominal pain to mortality. AP may be classified as acute interstitial edematous pancreatitis (AEP) or acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP), according to the revised Atlanta criteria. Most of the patients with AP are AEP (75-85% of patients), while 15-25% of patients have ANP. The mortality rate is 3% in AEP and 15% in ANP. Thus, it is important to predict the severity of AP to decrease the morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between red cell distribution width (RDW) and the severity of AP on admission to hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients admitted to Adana Numune Research and Educational Hospital with a diagnosis of AP through the time frame of January 2014-May 2016 were included in our study. Diagnosis of AP was made according to the revised Atlanta classification. Patients' age, sex, etiology of AP, and RDW values were recorded on admission to the hospital. RESULTS: A total of 180 patients were included in the study. Eighty patients (44%) were male and 100 patients were female. Mean age was 56.25 ±18.3 years (52.66 ±14.4 in males; 59.84 ±20.2 in females). There was no statistically significant difference between patients' age. The most frequently observed etiologic factor was gallstone disease followed by alcohol intake and the use of pharmaceuticals. Drug-related AP was associated with azathioprine, furosemide, and thiazide diuretics. One hundred forty-four (80%) patients had AEP and 36 (20%) patients had ANP. RDW values showed a statistically significant difference between patients with AEP and ANP (p = 0.011). The cut-off value of RDW was 16.4 and the area under curve (AUC) value was 0.591 (p = 0.0227) with a sensitivity of 29.2% and specificity of 89.83%. CONCLUSIONS: Red cell distribution width could be used to evaluate the prognosis of acute pancreatitis.
KEYWORDS: acute necrotizing pancreatitis; acute pancreatitis; red cell distribution width
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