lunes, 23 de abril de 2018

Anestesia en niños / Pediatric anesthesia

Abril 23, 2018. No. 3060
Anestesia pediátrica para entornos de bajos recursos
Paediatric anaesthesia for low-resource settings
Ruth Barbour, Papari Deka
BJA Education, 17 (11): 351-356 (2017)
Genética para el anestesiólogo pediátrico: introducción a las malformaciones congénitas, farmacogenética y proteómica
Genetics for the Pediatric Anesthesiologist: A Primer on Congenital Malformations, Pharmacogenetics, and Proteomics
Anesth Analg 2010;111:1264-74)
La seguridad y la eficacia del bloqueo continuo de nervios periféricos en la analgesia postoperatoria de pacientes pediátricos.
The Safety and Efficacy of the Continuous Peripheral Nerve Block in Postoperative Analgesia of Pediatric Patients.
Front Med (Lausanne). 2018 Mar 9;5:57. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2018.00057. eCollection 2018.
Abstract
Postoperative analgesia is imperative in the youngest patients. Pain, especially if experienced during childhood, has numerous adverse effects-from psychological, through complications of the underlying disease (prolonged treatment, hospital stay, and increased costs of the treatment) to an increase in the incidence of death due to the onset of the systemic inflammatory response. The continuous peripheral block (CPNB) has been increasingly used in recent years for complete and prolonged analgesia of pediatric patients, as well as a part of multidisciplinary treatment of complex regional pain syndrome. It has been shown that outpatient CPNB reduces the need for parenteral administration of opioid analgetics. It has also been proved that this technique can be used in pediatric patients in home conditions. Safety of CPNB is based on the increasing use of ultrasound as well as on the introduction of single enantiomers local anesthetics (ropivacaine and levobupivacaine) in lower concentrations. It is possible to discharge patient home with catheter, but it is necessary to provide adequate education for staff, patients, and parents, as well as to have dedicated anesthesiology team. Postoperative period without major pain raises the morale of the child, parents. and medical staff.
KEYWORDS: continuous peripheral nerve block; pain management; pediatric anesthesia; perineural catheters; postoperative analgesia

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