miércoles, 29 de marzo de 2017

Delirio postoperatorio en geriatría / Postoperative delirium in geriatrics

Marzo 29, 2017. No. 2643

Delirio postoperatorio en geriatría
Postoperative Delirium in the Geriatric Patient.
Anesthesiol Clin. 2015 Sep;33(3):505-16. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2015.05.007. Epub 2015 Jul 7.
Postoperative delirium, a common complication in older surgical patients, is independently associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Patients older than 65 years receive greater than one-third of the more than 40 million anesthetics delivered yearly in the United States. This number is expected to increase with the aging of the population. Thus, it is increasingly important that perioperative clinicians who care for geriatric patients have an understanding of the complex syndrome of postoperative delirium.
KEYWORDS: Geriatric; Management; Postoperative delirium; Risk factors; Screening

Demencia y delirio, resultados en pacientes con fracturas de cadera de edad avanzada.
Dementia and delirium, the outcomes in elderly hip fracture patients.
Clin Interv Aging. 2017 Mar 10;12:421-430. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S115945. eCollection 2017.
BACKGROUND: Delirium in hip fractured patients is a frequent complication. Dementia is an important risk factor for delirium and is common in frail elderly. This study aimed to extend the previous knowledge on risk factors for delirium and the consequences. Special attention was given to patients with dementia and delirium. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study performed in the Amphia Hospital, Breda, the Netherlands. A full electronic patient file system (Hyperspace Version IU4: Epic, Inc., Verona, WI, USA) was used to assess data between January 2014 and September 2015. All patients presented were aged ≥70 years with a hip fracture, who underwent surgery with osteosynthesis or arthroplasty. Patients were excluded in case of a pathological or a periprosthetic hip fracture, multiple traumatic injuries, and high-energy trauma. Patient and surgical characteristics were documented. Postoperative outcomes were noted. Delirium was screened using Delirium Observation Screening Scale and dementia was assessed from medical notes. RESULTS: Of a total of 566 included patients, 75% were females. The median age was 84 years (interquartile range: 9). Delirium was observed in 35%. Significant risk factors for delirium were a high American Society of Anesthesiology score, delirium in medical history, functional dependency, preoperative institutionalization, low hemoglobin level, and high amount of blood transfusion. Delirium was correlated with a longer hospital stay (P=0.001), increased association with complications (P<0.001), institutionalization (P<0.001), and 6-month mortality (P<0.001). Patients with dementia (N=168) had a higher delirium rate (57.7%, P<0.001) but a shorter hospital stay (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the 6-month mortality between delirious patients with (34.0%) and without dementia (26.3%). CONCLUSION: Elderly patients with a hip fracture are vulnerable for delirium, especially when the patient has dementia. Patients who underwent an episode of delirium were at increased risk for adverse outcomes.
KEYWORDS: adverse outcomes; complications; delirium; dementia; elderly; hip fracture

Intralipid en el tratamiento del delirio postoperatorio
Intralipid Treatment for Post Operative Delirium
Eldor J
Anesth Crit Care Open Access 2017, 7(5): 00273
Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common and serious adverse event in the elderly patient and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A new treatment for POD by intravenous Intralipid injection in the recovery room is first suggested in the medical literature. Keywords:

Curso sobre Anestesia en Trasplantes, Cirugía abdominal, Plástica, Oftalmología y Otorrinolaringología.
Committee for European Education in Anaesthesiology (CEEA) 
y el Colegio de Anestesiólogos de León A.C.
Abril 7-9, 2017, León Guanajuato, México

Informes  (477) 716 06 16, kikinhedz@gmail.com
Congreso Latinoamericano de Anestesia Regional
Asociación Latinoamericana de Anestesia Regional, Capítulo México
Ciudad de México, Mayo 24-27, 2017
Vacante para Anestesiología Pediátrica
Hospital de Especialidades Pediátrico de León, Guanajuato  México 
Informes con la Dra Angélica García Álvarez 
angy.coachanestped@gmail.com o al teléfono 477 101 8700 Ext 1028
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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor

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