miércoles, 24 de diciembre de 2014

Embarazo crítico / High-risk obstetric patients

Papel de la unidad de cuidado postanestésico en el manejo de las pacientes obstétricas de alto riesgo


The role of the post-anaesthesia care unit in the management of high-risk obstetric patients.
Kostopanagiotou G, Kalimeris K, Pandazi A, Salamalekis G, Chrelias C, Matsota P.
Arch Med Sci. 2011 Feb;7(1):123-6. doi: 10.5114/aoms.2011.20616. Epub 2011 Mar 8.
Abstract
INTRODUCTION:High-risk obstetric patients in the immediate postpartum period are frequently admitted to the intensive care unit, but the necessity of this practice has recently been doubted. Herein we describe the efficiency of utilizing the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) as an intermediateintensive care facility for those patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively described the reasons for admission, duration of stay, the anaesthetic used, main interventions and outcome for all obstetric admissions in the PACU during a period of 4 years in a university hospital. RESULTS: During the 4-year period 47 women were admitted to the PACU after delivery. The frequency of admission to the PACU was 15.3 per 1000 deliveries, while obstetric cases represented 4.4 per 1000 admissions to the PACU. The majority represented caesarean sections (81%). The main reasons for admission to the PACU were haemorrhage (49%), cardiovascular problems (19%) and preeclampsia/eclampsia (17%). Mean length of stay in the PACU was 14.5 ±11.6 h, being significantly less in women having received epidural anaesthesia (8.2 ±5.6 h) compared to those who delivered with general anaesthesia (19.0 ±13.6 h, p < 0.05). General anaesthesia was used in 85% of cases in which emergency delivery was indicated, but only in 27% of cases without emergency indications for delivery (p < 0.01). No death or admission to the intensive care unit occurred during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The PACU can offer an intermediate intensive care facility for high-risk obstetric patients, thus reducing unnecessary admissions to the intensive care unit.
KEYWORDS:complications of pregnancy; maternal morbidity and mortality

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3258694/pdf/AMS-7-1-123.pdf




Evolución fetomaterna en mujeres con preeclampsia severa que se someten a cesárea con anestesia general o espinal

Fetomaternal outcome in severe preeclamptic women undergoing emergency cesarean section under either general or spinal anesthesia.
Chattopadhyay S, Das A, Pahari S.
J Pregnancy. 2014;2014:325098. doi: 10.1155/2014/325098. Epub 2014 Apr 17.
Abstract
This prospective observational study compared the effects of general and spinal anesthesia in 173 severe preeclamptic women undergoing emergency cesarean section. 146 (84.5%) patients underwent spinal anesthesia (SA) and 27 (15.5%) patients had general anesthesia (GA). Most of the patients were primigravid and nulliparous. Intraoperatively SA group required more intravenous fluid and vasopressor support, while GA group required more preoperative labetalol injection for blood pressure control. Overall 13.3% of patients required critical care, particularly GA group (44.4% versus 7.5%; P < 0.001). Patients receiving GA had a higher mortality (25.9% versus 1.4%; P < 0.001). The length of hospital stay was comparable. Significantly more neonates of patients receiving GA were found to be preterm (77.8% versus 44.5%; P < 0.01) and required advanced resuscitation. GA group also had higher neonatal mortality (29.6% versus 11%; P < 0.05). To conclude, severe preeclamptic mothers receiving general anesthesia and their babies required more critical care support. Maternal as well as neonatal mortality was significantly higher with general anesthesia.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4016895/pdf/JP2014-325098.pdf



¿Por las pacientes obstétricas van a la UCI? Estudio de 3 años?


Why do obstetric patients go to the ICU? A 3-year-study.
Chawla S, Nakra M, Mohan S, Nambiar BC, Agarwal R, Marwaha A.
Med J Armed Forces India. 2013 Apr;69(2):134-7. doi: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2012.08.033. Epub 2012 Dec 1
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at risk to develop complications due to illness related to pregnancy or due to aggravation of pre-existing disease. These patients also require critical care and ICU admissions in some cases. To determine the current spectrum of diseases in an obstetric population resulting in admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS:A retrospective case series study and analysis of data from obstetric patients admitted for critical care management. RESULTS:0.26% of the total obstetric patients admitted to the hospital required ICU admissions. 46% of patients were admitted to ICU for ventilator support. Pre-eclampsia and obstetrical hemorrhage were the common diagnosis for these patients. CONCLUSION: Critically ill obstetric patients require a team approach of the obstetrician, anesthesiologist and intensive care specialist for the optimal care of these patients.
KEYWORDS:Critical care in obstetrics; Eclampsia; ICU admissions; Maternal mortality; Obstetrical hemorrhage

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3862664/pdf/main.pdf



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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor
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