sábado, 12 de noviembre de 2016

Seguridad del paciente / Patient safety

Noviembre 12, 2016. No. 2506





Promoviendo una cultura de seguridad
Promoting a Culture of Safety.
Anesth Prog. 2016 Spring;63(1):1-2. doi: 10.2344/0003-3006-63.1.1.
Actitudes frente a la cultura de seguridad del paciente en el ámbito hospitalario y variables correlacionadas.
Attitudes towards patient safety culture in a hospital setting and related variables
Gac Sanit. 2016 Oct 14. pii: S0213-9111(16)30177-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.07.019. [Epub ahead of print]
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe attitudes towards patient safety culture among workers in a hospital setting and determine the influence of socio-demographic and professional variables. METHODS: The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture was distributed among a sample of professionals and nursing assistants. A dimension was considered a strength if positive responses exceeded 75% and an opportunity for improvement if more than 50% of responses were negative. RESULTS: 59% (n=123) of respondents rated safety between 7 and 8. 53% (n=103) stated that they had not used the notification system to report any incidents in the previous twelve months. The strength identified was "teamwork in the unit/service" and the opportunity for improvement was "staffing". A more positive attitude was observed in outpatient services and among nursing professionals and part-time staff. CONCLUSIONS: This study has allowed us to determine the rating of the hospital in patient safety culture. This is vital for developing improvement strategies.
KEYWORDS: Actitud de los profesionales sanitarios; Administración de la seguridad; Attitude of health personnel; Cultura organizativa; Organizational culture; Patient safety; Safety management; Seguridad del paciente
Desarrollo y pruebas de Baylor Scott & White Health "Actitudes y Prácticas de la Encuesta de Seguridad del Paciente".
Development and testing of Baylor Scott & White Health's "Attitudes and Practices of Patient SafetySurvey".
Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2016 Oct;29(4):367-370.
Abstract
Improving the quality of patient care requires a culture attuned to safety. We describe the development, implementation, and psychometric evaluation of the Attitudes and Practices of Patient Safety Survey (APPSS) within the Baylor Scott & White Health system. The APPSS was designed to enable safety culture data to be collected and aggregated at the unit level to identify high-priority needs. The survey, with 27 Likert-scale core questions divided into 4 concept domains and 2 open-ended questions, was administered electronically to employees with direct patient care responsibilities (n = 16,950). The 2015 response rate was 50.4%. The Cronbach's α values for the four domains ranged from 0.78 to 0.90, indicating strong internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis results were mixed but were comparable to those of established safety culture surveys. Over the years, the adaptability of the APPSS has proven helpful to administrative and clinical leaders alike, and the survey responses have led to the creation of programs to improve the organization's patient safety culture. In conclusion, the APPSS provides a reliable measure of patient safety culture and may be useful to other health care organizations seeking to improve the quality and safety of the care they provide.
Evaluación de la cultura de la seguridad del paciente: ¿qué herramientas para los estudiantes de medicina?
Assessment of patient safety culture: what tools for medical students?
Chaneliere M1,2,3,4, Jacquet F5, Occelli P5,6, Touzet S5,6, Siranyan V7,5, Colin C7,5,6.
BMC Med Educ. 2016 Sep 29;16(1):255.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patient safety culture refers mainly to surveys exploring the perceptions of health professionals in hospitals. These surveys have less relevance when considering the assessment of the patient safety culture of medical students, especially at university or medical school. They are indeed not fully integrated in care units and constitute a heterogeneous population. This work aimed to find appropriate assessment tools of the patient safety culture of medical students. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend using Wetzel's survey for making an overall assessment of the patient safety culture of medical students at university. In a specific purpose-e.g. to assess an educational program on medical error disclosure-the authors recommend to determine which dimensions of patient safety will be taught, to select the best assessment tool. Learning on patient safety should however be considered beyond the university. International translations of tools are required to create databases allowing comparative studies.
KEYWORDS: Assessment; Medical student; Patient safety culture; Survey

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