sábado, 14 de febrero de 2015

Dolor postoperatorio / Postoperative pain

No.1882                                                                                   14 de Febrero 2015
Master en Anestesia y Analgesia regional guiada por ecografia
* Menciona este anuncio y obten un descuento.
Comparación de los efectos de infusión intraoperatoria de esmolol y ketamina sobre el dolor agudo postoperatorio después de anestesia con remifentanil en colecistectomía laparoscópica
Comparison of effects of intraoperative esmolol and ketamine infusion on acute postoperative pain after remifentanil-based anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Lee MH, Chung MH, Han CS, Lee JH, Choi YR, Choi EM, Lim HK, Cha YD. Korean J Anesthesiol. 2014 Mar;66(3):222-9. doi: 10.4097/kjae.2014.66.3.222. Epub 2014 Mar 28.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil is a short-acting drug with a rapid onset that is useful in general anesthesia. Recently, however, it has been suggested that the use of opioids during surgery may cause opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Researchers have recently reported that esmolol, an ultra-short-acing β1 receptor antagonist, reduces the postoperative requirement for morphine and provides more effective analgesia than the administration of remifentanil and ketamine. Hence, this study was conducted to determine whether esmolol reduces early postoperative pain in patients who are continuously infused with remifentanil for anesthesia during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly divided into three groups. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and 4 ng/ml (target-controlled infusion) of remifentanil in all patients. Esmolol (0.5 mg/kg) was injected and followed with a continuous dosage of 10 µg/kg/min in the esmolol group (n = 20). Ketamine (0.3 mg/kg) was injected and followed with a continuous dosage of 3 µg/kg/min in the ketamine group (n = 20), while the control group was injected and infused with an equal amount of normal saline. Postoperative pain score (visual analog scale [VAS]) and analgesic requirements were compared for the first 6 hours of the postoperative period. RESULTS: The pain score (VAS) and fentanyl requirement for 15 minutes after surgery were lower in the esmolol and ketamine groups compared with the control group (P < 0.05). There were no differences between the esmolol and ketamine groups. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative esmolol infusion during laparoscopic cholecystectomy reduced opioid requirement and pain score (VAS) during the early postoperative period after remifentanil-based anesthesia.
KEYWORDS:
Esmolol; Hyperalgesia; Ketamine; Postoperative pain; Remifentanil; Sevoflurane

Atentamente
Anestesia y Medicina del Dolor
Publicar un comentario en la entrada