lunes, 14 de octubre de 2013

Lesión explosiva en cara: Una revisión ejemplificando su manejo

Lesión explosiva en cara: Una revisión ejemplificando su manejo  
Blast injury face: An exemplified review of management.
Kumar V, Singh AK, Kumar P, Shenoy YR, Verma AK, Borole AJ, Prasad V.
Natl J Maxillofac Surg [serial online] 2013 [cited 2013 Sep 7];4:33-9.

Facial injuries are extremely common due to increased incidence of vehicular and industrial trauma and warfare injuries. But isolated injury to the face due to low voltage cells exploding is rare. In blast injury, the force can cause massive soft tissue injury, along with injury to facial fractures and damage to adnexa. Facial injury is not life threatening unless associated with other injuries of the skull and airway. The major risks to airway in facial trauma are due to anatomic alteration of patient's airway through bony and soft tissue disruption and increased chances of aspiration. The past several decades have seen a rapid growth in the range of procedures available for reconstructive purposes. However, the essential preliminary management is a must and needs to be structured. The patient, a 10-year-old boy, was joining three pencil batteries in series and twisting the wire with his teeth when one battery exploded causing severe injuries to midface and mandibular region. After stabilization, the patient was taken up for surgery. A cap splint with zygomatic suspension was done for the maxilla, and wiring of residual mandibular segments with lining and skin cover provided by a deltopectoral flap was done. Reconstructive surgeries for reconstruction of the upper lip and maintenance of oral continence were planned for the future. The present case stresses the importance of educating the masses about unsafe handling of low voltage devices, management of airway, massive soft tissue injury, along with facial fractures and damage to adnexa.
Keywords: Airway management, blast injury face, low voltage battery

Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor
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