jueves, 18 de agosto de 2016

Pacientes vulnerables en cirugía ambulatoria / vulnerable patients in ambulatory surgery

Agosto 18, 2016. No. 2421





Modelo clínico de predicción para identificar pacientes ambulatorios vulnerables. Hacia toma de decisiones médicas óptimas
Clinical prediction model to identify vulnerable patients in ambulatory surgery: towards optimal medical decision-making.
Can J Anaesth. 2016 Sep;63(9):1022-1032. Epub 2016 Jun 9.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery patients are at risk of adverse psychological outcomes such as anxiety, aggression, fatigue, and depression. We developed and validated a clinical prediction model to identify patients who were vulnerable to these psychological outcome parameters. METHODS: We prospectively assessed 383 mixed ambulatory surgery patients for psychological vulnerability, defined as the presence of anxiety (state/trait), aggression (state/trait), fatigue, and depression seven days after surgery. Three psychological vulnerability categories were considered-i.e., none, one, or multiple poor scores, defined as a score exceeding one standard deviation above the mean for each single outcome according to normative data. The following determinants were assessed preoperatively: sociodemographic (age, sex, level of education, employment status, marital status, having children, religion, nationality), medical (heart rate and body mass index), and psychological variables (self-esteem and self-efficacy), in addition to anxiety, aggression, fatigue, and depression. A prediction model was constructed using ordinal polytomous logistic regression analysis, and bootstrapping was applied for internal validation. The ordinal c-index (ORC) quantified the discriminative ability of the model, in addition to measures for overall model performance (Nagelkerke's R 2 ). RESULTS: In this population, 137 (36%) patients were identified as being psychologically vulnerable after surgery for at least one of the psychological outcomes. The most parsimonious and optimal prediction model combined sociodemographic variables (level of education, having children, and nationality) with psychological variables (trait anxiety, state/trait aggression, fatigue, and depression). Model performance was promising: R 2  = 30% and ORC = 0.76 after correction for optimism. CONCLUSION: This study identified a substantial group of vulnerable patients in ambulatory surgery. The proposed clinical prediction model could allow healthcare professionals the opportunity to identify vulnerable patients in ambulatory surgery, although additional modification and validation are needed. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01441843).

XIII Congreso Virtual Mexicano de Anestesiología
Octubre a Diciembre 2016

Información / Information
XXXVI Reunión Anual y Congreso Internacional de la Asociación Mexicana para Estudio y Tratamiento del Dolor
Querétaro, México, Octubre 16-22, 2016

16th World Congress of Anaesthesiologists

28 August - 2 September 2016 
Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre
World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists
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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor

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