domingo, 22 de mayo de 2016

Raquia lumbar para procedimientos torácicos / Lumbar spinal anesthesia for thoracic procedures

Mayo 21, 2016. No. 2333

 Anestesia espinal lumbar con bloqueo nociceptivo cervical. Revisión crítica de 1,330 procedimientos
Lumbar spinal anesthesia with cervical nociceptive blockade. Critical review of a series of 1,330 procedures.
Braz J Anesthesiol. 2016 Jan-Feb;66(1):86-93. doi: 10.1016/j.bjane.2014.05.016. Epub 2015 Nov 28.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The manufacture of minimally traumatic needles and synthesis of pharmacological adjuncts with safe and effective action on inhibitory and neuromodulatory synapses distributed along the nociceptive pathways were crucial for a new expansion phase of spinal anesthesia. The objectives of this paper are present our clinical experience with 1330 lumbar spinal anesthesia performed with purposeful nociceptive blockade of the thoracic and cervical spinal nerves corresponding to dermatomes C4 or C3; warn about the method pathophysiological risks, and emphasize preventive standards for the safe application of the technique. CONTENT: Review of the historical background and anatomical spinal anesthesia with cervical levels of analgesia. Description of the technique used in our institution; population anesthetized; and surgery performed with the described method. Critical exposition of the physiological, pathophysiological, and clinical effects occurred and registered during anesthesia-surgery and postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Spinal anesthesia with nociceptive blockade to dermatome C4, or C3, is an effective option for surgery on somatic structures distal to the metamer of the third cervical spinal nerve, lasting no more than four or five hours. The method safety depends on the unrestricted respect for the essential rules of proper anesthesia.
VIII Foro Internacional de Medicina del Dolor y Paliativa 
Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán
Junio 9-11, Ciudad de México
Dra. Argelia Lara Solares
Tel. 5513 3782 
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Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor

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