lunes, 4 de mayo de 2015

Embarazo, obesidad y anestesia/Pregnancy, obesity and anaesthesia

No.1961                                                                                   Mayo 4, 2015

¿Es la investigación ultrasónica del diámetro transverso traqueal razonable para la evaluación de vía aérea difícil en la embarazada? Estudio prospectivo comparativo.
Is ultrasonic investigation of transverse tracheal air shadow diameter reasonable for evaluation of difficult airwayin pregnant women: A prospective comparative study.
Turkay Aydogmus M1, Erkalp K2, Nadir Sinikoglu S3, Usta TA4, O Ulger G5, Alagol A6.
Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Jan;30(1):91-5. doi: 10.12669/pjms.301.3972.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical screening tests (modified Mallampati score, Cormack-Lehane score, thyromental distance, and sternomental distance) with ultrasonic measurements of the upper airway in predicting difficult intubation in pregnant women whose Body Mass Index (BMI) is higher and lower than 30 kg m-2. METHODS:
This study was designed as a prospective observational trial, and consisted of 40 pregnant women of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 1-2 groups. Patients with a BMI lower than 30 kg m-2 were included in Group 1 (n=20), and patients with a BMI higher than 30 kg m-2 were included in Group 2 (n=20). In the supine position with head in mild extension, the diameter of the transverse tracheal air shadow in the subglottic area of the front neck was measured using ultrasonography. Modified Mallampati score, Cormack-Lehane score, thyromental distance and sternomental distance measurements were recorded. RESULTS:
No statistically significant difference was detected between groups regarding mean age, mean number of pregnancy, ASA scores and comorbid disease. Mean body weight (p=0.0001) and mean pre-pregnancy weight (p=0.0001) were significantly higher in Group 2. There was no statistically significant difference between groups regarding mean modified Mallampati score, thyromental distance, sternomental distance measurements, Cormack-Lehane score, and mean ultrasonic measurements. CONCLUSION: It was found that BMI higher or lower than 30 kg m-2 has no effect on ultrasonic measurements and clinical airway tests. We thought that ultrasonic measurement could not give us valuable information in obese or non-obese pregnant women.
KEYWORDS: Pregnancy; airway evaluation; body mass index; diameter of transverse tracheal air shadow; obesity; ultrasonography
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Consideraciones anestésicas en parturientas con obesidad y apnea obstructiva del sueño
Anesthetic considerations of parturients with obesity and obstructive sleep apnea.
Ankichetty SP1, Angle P, Joselyn AS, Chinnappa V, Halpern S.
J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2012 Oct;28(4):436-43. doi: 10.4103/0970-9185.101895.
Abstract
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by upper airway collapse and obstruction during sleep. It is estimated to affect nearly 5% of the general female population. Obesity is often associated with OSA. The physiological changes associated with pregnancy may increase the severity of OSA with a higher risk of maternal and fetal morbidity. However, very few parturients are diagnosed during pregnancy. These undiagnosed parturients pose great challenge to the attending anaesthesiologist during the perioperative period. Parturients at risk should be screened for OSA, and if diagnosed, treated. This review describes the anaesthetic concerns in obese parturients at risk for OSA presenting to the labor and delivery unit.
KEYWORDS: Obesity; obstructive sleep apnea management; perioperative period; pregnancy
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Parturientas con obesidad mórbida. Retos para el anestesiólogos, incluyendo el manejo de la vía aérea en obstetricia.¿Que hay de nuevo?
Morbidly obese parturient: Challenges for the anaesthesiologist, including managing the difficult airway in obstetrics. What is new?
Rao DP, Rao VA.
Indian J Anaesth. 2010 Nov;54(6):508-21. doi: 10.4103/0019-5049.72639.
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to review the fundamental aspects of obesity, pregnancy and a combination of both. The scientific aim is to understand the physiological changes, pathological clinical presentations and application of technical skills and pharmacological knowledge on this unique clinical condition. The goal of this presentation is to define the difficult airway, highlight the main reasons for difficult or failed intubation and propose a practical approach to management Throughout the review, an important component is the necessity for team work between the anaesthesiologist and the obstetrician. Certain protocols are recommended to meet the anaesthetic challenges and finally concluding with "what is new?" in obstetric anaesthesia.
KEYWORDS: Adipocyte; complications; difficult airway; morbidly obese; parturient; regional; team work
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