miércoles, 14 de mayo de 2014

US de diafragma y extubación/Diaphragm ultrasound and extubation

Ultrasonido diafragmático como predictor de extubación exitosa de la ventilación mecánica
Diaphragm ultrasound as a predictor of successful extubation from mechanical ventilation.
Dinino E, Gartman EJ, Sethi JM, McCool FD.
Thorax. 2014 May;69(5):431-5. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204111. Epub 2013 Dec 23.
INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this study was to evaluate if ultrasound derived measures of diaphragm thickening, rather than diaphragm motion, can be used to predict extubation success or failure. METHODS: Sixty-three mechanically ventilated patients were prospectively recruited. Diaphragm thickness (tdi) was measured in the zone of apposition of the diaphragm to the rib cage using a 7-10 MHz ultrasound transducer. The percent change in tdi between end-expiration and end-inspiration (Δtdi%) was calculated during either spontaneous breathing (SB) or pressure support (PS) weaning trials. A successful extubation was defined as SB for >48 h following endotracheal tube removal. RESULTS: Of the 63 subjects studied, 27 patients were weaned with SB and 36 were weaned with PS. The combined sensitivity and specificity of Δtdi%≥30% for extubation success was 88% and 71%, respectively. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 91% and 63%, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.79 for Δtdi%. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound measures of diaphragm thickening in the zone of apposition may be useful to predict extubation success or failure during SB or PS trials.
KEYWORDS: Respiratory Muscles

Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor

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