lunes, 7 de abril de 2014

Riesgos en obstetricia/Obstetrics risks


Riesgos iatrogénicos y la salud materna: cuestiones y resultados.



Iatrogenic risks and maternal health: Issues and outcomes.
Khaskheli MN, Baloch S, Sheeba A.
Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Jan;30(1):111-5. doi: 10.12669/pjms.301.4062.
Abstract
Objective: To observe acute maternal morbidity and mortality due to iatrogenic factors and outcomes. Methods: This observational cross sectional study was conducted at intensive care unit of Liaquat University of Medical and Health sciences Jamshoro from 1-January-2011 to 31-December-2012. In this study all the delivered or undelivered women who needed intensive care unit (ICU) admission due to management related life threatening complication referred from periphery or within this hospital were included, while those women who had pregnancy complicated by medical conditions were excluded. These women were registered on the predesigned proforma containing variables like Demographic characteristics, various iatrogenic risk factors, complications and management out comes. The data was collected and analyzed on SPSS version 20. Results: During these study period 51 women needed ICU care for different complications due to adverse effects of medical treatments. Majority of these women were between 20-40 years of age 41(80.39%), multiparous 29(56.86%), unbooked 38(74.50%), referred from periphery 39(76.47%), common iatrogenic factors were misuse of oxytocin 16(31.37%), fluid overload/cardiac failure 8(15.68%), blood reaction 7(13.72%), anesthesia related problems were delayed recovery 3(5.88%), cardiac arrest 2(3.92%), spinal shock 2(3.92%), surgical problems were bladder injury 5(9.8%), post operative internal haemorrhage 3(5.88%), 37(72.54%) women recovered and 14(27.45%) expired. Conclusion: The maternal morbidity and mortality rate with iatrogenic factors was high and majority of these factors were avoidable.
KEYWORDS:Iatrogenic risk factors, Management outcome, Mortality, maternal morbidity
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3955553/pdf/pjms-30-111.pdf

Riesgos iatrogénicos y la salud materna: cuestiones y resultados.
Iatrogenic risks and maternal health: Issues and outcomes.
Khaskheli MN, Baloch S, Sheeba A.
Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Jan;30(1):111-5. doi: 10.12669/pjms.301.4062.
Abstract
Objective: To observe acute maternal morbidity and mortality due to iatrogenic factors and outcomes. Methods: This observational cross sectional study was conducted at intensive care unit of Liaquat University of Medical and Health sciences Jamshoro from 1-January-2011 to 31-December-2012. In this study all the delivered or undelivered women who needed intensive care unit (ICU) admission due to management related life threatening complication referred from periphery or within this hospital were included, while those women who had pregnancy complicated by medical conditions were excluded. These women were registered on the predesigned proforma containing variables like Demographic characteristics, various iatrogenic risk factors, complications and management out comes. The data was collected and analyzed on SPSS version 20. Results: During these study period 51 women needed ICU care for different complications due to adverse effects of medical treatments. Majority of these women were between 20-40 years of age 41(80.39%), multiparous 29(56.86%), unbooked 38(74.50%), referred from periphery 39(76.47%), common iatrogenic factors were misuse of oxytocin 16(31.37%), fluid overload/cardiac failure 8(15.68%), blood reaction 7(13.72%), anesthesia related problems were delayed recovery 3(5.88%), cardiac arrest 2(3.92%), spinal shock 2(3.92%), surgical problems were bladder injury 5(9.8%), post operative internal haemorrhage 3(5.88%), 37(72.54%) women recovered and 14(27.45%) expired. Conclusion: The maternal morbidity and mortality rate with iatrogenic factors was high and majority of these factors were avoidable.
KEYWORDS:Iatrogenic risk factors, Management outcome, Mortality, maternal morbidity

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3955553/pdf/pjms-30-111.pdf


Papel de la unidad de cuidado postanestesia en el manejo de las parturientas de alto riesgo
The role of the post-anaesthesia care unit in the management of high-risk obstetric patients.
Kostopanagiotou G, Kalimeris K, Pandazi A, Salamalekis G, Chrelias C, Matsota P.
Arch Med Sci. 2011 Feb;7(1):123-6. doi: 10.5114/aoms.2011.20616. Epub 2011 Mar 8.
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: High-risk obstetric patients in the immediate postpartum period are frequently admitted to the intensive care unit, but the necessity of this practice has recently been doubted. Herein we describe the efficiency of utilizing the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) as an intermediate intensive care facility for those patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively described the reasons for admission, duration of stay, the anaesthetic used, main interventions and outcome for all obstetric admissions in the PACU during a period of 4 years in a university hospital. RESULTS: During the 4-year period 47 women were admitted to the PACU after delivery. The frequency of admission to the PACU was 15.3 per 1000 deliveries, while obstetric cases represented 4.4 per 1000 admissions to the PACU. The majority represented caesarean sections (81%). The main reasons for admission to the PACU were haemorrhage (49%), cardiovascular problems (19%) and preeclampsia/eclampsia (17%). Mean length of stay in the PACU was 14.5 ±11.6 h, being significantly less in women having received epidural anaesthesia (8.2 ±5.6 h) compared to those who delivered with general anaesthesia (19.0 ±13.6 h, p < 0.05). General anaesthesia was used in 85% of cases in which emergency delivery was indicated, but only in 27% of cases without emergency indications for delivery (p < 0.01). No death or admission to the intensive care unit occurred during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The PACU can offer an intermediate intensive care facility for high-risk obstetric patients, thus reducing unnecessary admissions to the intensive care unit.
KEYWORDS: complications of pregnancy, maternal morbidity and mortality

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3258694/pdf/AMS-7-1-123.pdf



Atentamente
Dr. Benito Cortes-Blanco
Anestesiología y Medicina del Dolor
www.anestesia-dolor.org

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