viernes, 29 de mayo de 2015

Ondanstron y prurito/Ondansetron and pruritus

Estudio comparativo con ondansetron i.v. versus dosis subhipnóticas de propofol en el manejo de prurito inducido por sufentanil intratecal en cesárea
The comparative study of intravenous Ondansetron and sub-hypnotic Propofol dose in control and treatment of intrathecal Sufentanil-induced pruritus in elective caesarean surgery.
Hirmanpour A, Safavi M, Honarmand A, Hosseini AZ, Sepehrian M.
J Res Pharm Pract. 2015 Apr-Jun;4(2):57-63. doi: 10.4103/2279-042X.155751.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Pruritus is a common and disturbing side effect of neuraxial opioids after cesarean section. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of intravenous ondansetron and sub-hypnotic dose of propofol in control and treatment of intrathecal sufentanil induced pruritus in cesarean surgery. METHODS: Totally, 90 parturient with American Society of Anesthesiology physical status grade I-II, undergoing spinal anesthesia with 2.5 μg sufentanil and 10 mg bupivacaine 0.5% were enrolled to this randomized, prospective, double-blind study. The women were randomly assigned to two groups who received 8 mg ondansetron or 10 mg propofol to treat pruritus grade ≥3. The patient was evaluated after 5 min and in the lack of successful treatment, the doses of two drugs repeated and if the pruritus is on-going, the exact treatment with naloxone was done. FINDINGS: The incidence of pruritus was 69.3%. Both groups were well-matched. The peak time pruritus was 30-75 min after injection. The percentage of individuals consumed naloxone were 6.8% and 15.9% in ondansetron and propofol groups, respectively (P = 0.18). The mean score of satisfaction (according to visual analog scale criteria) was 9.09 ± 1.1 in ondansetron group and 9.3 ± 1.07 in the propofol group (P = 0.39). CONCLUSION: Ondansetrone and sub-hypnotic dose of propofol are both safe and well-tolerated. Due to their same efficacy in the treatment of intrathecal sufentanil-induced pruritus, they can be widely used in clinical practice.
KEYWORDS: Caesarean surgery; Ondansetron; Propofol; intrathecal opioid; pruritus
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